Headaches

Headaches affect a high percentage of people in the world, atleast 90% of the people living in the United States are affected, there are about 80 million visits to the doctor's office a year from headache sufferers, and 50% to 75% of all teens report suffering from a headache atleast once enough. There are different types of headaches though, that affect different people in different ways.

Types
  • Tension - Episodic, Chronic, and Rebound.
  • Migraine

Symptoms
  • Tension - A tight feeling on your head, as if you are wearing an extremely tight headband. It can sometimes just be a generally dull ache on your forehead, and other times, it can become very tight and uncomfortable.
  • Migraine - Occasionally, you get symptoms, before the main part of the migraine starts, that tell you a migraine is coming. In 5% of children and 25% of adults who get a migraine, an "aura" is sometimes seen, before the excrutiating pain of a migraine begins. The pain itself is unbelievable, and is a horrible, throbbing pain that moves back and forth between the two halves of your head. This terrible pain is also accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound.

Who They Affect - Tension
  • Episodic - Episodic tension headaches can affect anyone, if they are doing the general risk factors for tension headaches.
  • Chronic - Chronic tension headaches do not affect everyone, you can't pick a group that it happens, but only certain people get these headaches.
  • Rebound - Rebound tension headaches sometimes occur to people who are taking medication for their headaches, as the headaches sometimes grow immune to the medication.

Who They Affect - Migraine
  • Migraines typically affects people who have migraines run down the family, but if you do any risk factors for migraine headaches, you have a possibility of getting them.

Risk Factors
  • Tension - Many things can lead a tension headache in general, such as skipping a meal, oversleeping, neglecting regular body needs, and depression.
  • Migraine - Things that lead to migraines include having them run down the family, the type of environment you live in, changing your sleeping and eating patterns, and personal habits, such as alcohol abuse.

Treatment
  • Tension - Tylenol and Advil will stop the headache, but using it too much will lead to rebound headaches, which make these medications ineffective. Another solution would be to simply rest with an ice pack or heat of some sort on the back of your neck.
  • Migraine - Symptomatic medication (Shrinking the blood vessels of the head which dilate and cause the pains of a migraine).

Prevention
  • Migraine - Abortive medication (Stabilizing the blood vessels so that they can't contract and expand, with ease).
  • Tension - Don't skip meals, sleep longer than you should, ignore bodily needs (you will know when you get hungry, thirsty, or tired), and seek help if you're depressed.