Multiple Sclerosis

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that affects the brain and the spinal cord resulting in loss of muscle control, vision, balance, and sensation. When you have Multiple Sclerosis the nerves of the brain and spinal cord are damaged by the person's own immune system.

Symptoms
Vision problems, fatigue, muscle stiffness, weakness, poor balance, tingling, bowel and bladder problems, pain, numbness, problems concentrating, and depression.

People it affects
It is not hereditary but genetics play a part in its development. People who live in northern Europe, North America, South-East Australia, and New Zealand are more likely to get it.

Prevention
There is no way to prevent Multiple Sclerosis.

Treatment
Treatment involves a lot of therapies. Drugs for pain, drugs for fatigue, muscle relaxants, drugs for dizziness, antidepressants, and drugs to help with bladder control.

Different Types
  • Benign Multiple Sclerosis
  • Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
  • Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis
  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis
  • Progressive Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis
  • Malignant Multiple Sclerosis
  • Chronic Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

Risk Factors
A viral infection can trigger Multiple Sclerosis. Most people are diagnosed with it between the ages of 16 and 40. At a younger age, women have a better chance of getting Multiple Sclerosis, but when people are adults both men and women have an equal chance of getting it. People are more likely to develop Multiple Sclerosis if they grew up in a colder climate. Smoking also increases the chances of getting it. If you have a lot of risk factors for Multiple Sclerosis you should ask your doctor what you can do to reduce them.