by Emily Dentinger

What is it?
-Epilepsy is a wide range of seizures (sudden attack caused by electrical disturbance in the brain).
-Epilepsy is a chronic disease in which clusters of nervous cells in the brain display abnormal electrical activity. This causes a disturbance of emotions and behaviors, sometimes muscle spasms and/or loss of consciousness.

Epilepsy is a symtom itself of the electrical activity in nerve cell clusters. But some of the symtoms it brings along are:
Seizures- An electrical disturbance in the brain that causes a sudden attack.
Generalized Seizures- A seizure affecting the entire brain.
Partial Seizures- Seizures that start in a part of the brain that may spread to other parts.

People it Affects:
Epilepsy can affect all types of people, but slightly more men than women. It can appear at any time in your life, but children and older adults are more at risk.

There is no exact prevention for epilepsy, but try to avoid head injuries.

There is no cure for epilepsy, but there are a few medications to help the symptoms.
Anti-Epileptic drugs- These help stop, prevent, or lessen seizures
Vagus Nerve Stimulation- A non-drug medication that requires a small surgery in order to send signals to the brain.
Brain Surgery- These surgery involve either removing parts of the temporal lope or cutting sections of brain to prevent
the spread of abnormal electrical signals.
Alternative Therapies- These include herbal medications and acupuncture.

Different Types:
  • Juvenile Myoclonic
  • Childhood Absence
  • Benign Rolandic
  • Reflex
  • Lennox-Gastraut

Risk Factors:
Some cases are hereditary, but head injuries and strokes can increase your chance of epilepsy. Most cases are unknown.

How to Manage Epilepsy:
Some people can tell when they are about to have a seizure, so they can get help before it happens. Perscription drugs can be taken to control and lessen seizures, but seizures can fight through the medicine. Eating healthy and keeping a healthy weight can help with controling Epilepsy.

(click on photos to view them)

The Brain During Epilepsy
The Brain During Epilepsy

Epileptic Brain
Epileptic Brain